Lice

What are Lice?

Lice are tiny insects that infest the hairy part of the body and feed on human blood.
Pubic lice are often called “crabs” because they look like crabs when examined under a magnifying glass.

Symptoms

     
  • Lice will cause persistent itching in the genital or rectal area.
  •  
  • You may see nits, which are small white egg cases, attached to the base of the hair, or you may notice small brownish-colored lice attached to the hair shaft.

 

Transmission

     
  • Lice are spread through direct contact with an infected person and direct contact with personal items belonging to an infected person.
  •  
  • Using someone else’s clothing, hats, bedding, and towels should be avoided.
  •  
  • It is possible to become infected with lice by using a contaminated toilet seat.

 

Treatment

     
  • Lice are spread through direct contact with an infected person and direct contact with personal items belonging to an infected person.
  •  
  • Apply Kwell Shampoo to the infected area, making sure the hair is entirely wet. Allow the shampoo to remain on for four minutes.
  •  
  • With a very fine comb (usually provided when you purchase the shampoo), remove dead lice and nits.
  •  
  • Wash all clothing, bed linens and towels in hot water, and machine dry on the hot temperature setting.
  •  
  • Disinfect non-washables such as bedding, furniture, and rug with R&C Spray or other insecticide spray for lice and mites, which can be purchased at most pharmacies.
  •  
  • Warn your sexual partner and people living with you that they too may be infected and need to be treated.

 

Prevention

     
  • Wash your hands often and your hair frequently.
  •  
  • Wear clean clothes every day and don’t exchange clothes with others.
  •  
  • If anyone in your family is infested, make sure everyone in the family is checked immediately.
  •  
  • Don’t use the same bedding as an infected person. Someone being treated for lice should wear clean clothes and use clean bedding.
  •  
  • If you have a skin condition that itches mostly at night, get medical attention as soon as possible.

 

Adapted from: www.cdc.gov/parasites/lice/pubic/gen_info/faqs.html
www.cdc.gov/parasites/lice/pubic/treatment.html

Sexual Health Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Contraception